Inspenet, September 4, 2023.
The Aditya-L1 space probe , whose name means “Sun” in Sanskrit, was launched at 11:50 a.m. from the center of Sriharikota, located in the southeastern state of Andhra Pradesh. The live broadcast of the countdown was provided by the Indian Space Research Organization (ISRO).
The launch of Aditya-L1 comes ten days after the historic landing of an Indian probe on the uncharted south pole of the Moon , marking a significant achievement for India’s space program. The Asian country joins the United States, Japan and China as the only nations that have made this type of launch.
India has succeeded in launching its first space mission to study the Sun last Saturday, thus marking a new milestone in its space program. This came just a week after India became the first nation to land on the moon’s south pole .
“Congratulations, Aditya-L1 has been injected into an elliptical orbit which is what Pslv was very precisely aiming for,” ISRO chief Sreedhara Panicker Somanath said from the control center after confirming the successful takeoff.
The journey of the space probe Aditya-L1
The probe will orbit the Earth for a period of sixteen days, using this time to gradually increase its speed before beginning its journey towards the final destination: the first Lagrange point (L1), a location located 1.5 million kilometers from Earth, between our planet and the Sun.
The journey to this point will take around four months, which is only 1% of the total distance between the Sun and the Earth. This location is particularly special due to its gravitational stability, since the gravitational influence of the Sun and the Earth is in balance, which facilitates the constant observation of the Sun without interruptions caused by eclipses or occultations.
With this milestone, India joins a select group of countries that have sent probes to investigate the Sun, including China, the United States, Japan and, in collaboration with NASA, the defunct West Germany, as well as the European Space Agency. (ESA), according to Unión Radio.
India’s Prime Minister Narendra Modi expressed his congratulations via X social network to ISRO scientists on the successful launch of India’s first solar mission. Modi also mentioned the nation’s recent achievement with the Chandrayaan-3 mission to the Moon, which culminated in the historic landing of an Indian probe on the uncharted south pole of the Moon ten days ago.
This feat marked a major milestone in ISRO’s Chandrayaan-3 mission and cemented India as the first nation to reach the southernmost area of the Earth’s satellite.