The Peregrine 1 Mission will mark the United States’ return to the lunar surface with a lander built by Astrobotic, in collaboration with NASA. This lander, also known as the Peregrine lunar lander, aims to carry out detailed studies of the satellite’s exosphere, thermal properties, magnetic fields and radiation environment. Additionally, tests of advanced solar panels will be carried out during the mission.
United States closer to returning to the Moon
The landing on the surface of the satellite is scheduled for January 25 and marks an important milestone, as it is the first time in half a century that the United States returns to the Earth satellite after the Apollo missions.
This project was chosen through NASA’s Commercial Lunar Payload Services (CLPS) initiative, in which the space agency collaborates with commercial partners to provide the launch and lander.
The Peregrine Mission 1 has approximate dimensions of 1.9 meters high and 2.5 meters wide, taking the form of a boxed main body with four support legs. This mission will carry around 10 payloads of various types, with a payload capacity of approximately 90 Kg.
Scientific payloads include Laser Retroreflector Array (LRA), Linear Energy Transfer Spectrometer (LETS), Near Infrared Volatile Spectrometer System (NIRVSS), PROSPECT Ion Trap Mass Spectrometer (PITMS ) and the neutron spectrometer system (NSS), among others.
It should be noted that the mission will take off from Cape Canaveral using a Vulcan Centaur rocket provided by United Launch Alliance. After spending 3 to 33 days in Earth orbit and making a trip to the satellite, followed by a lunar orbit phase lasting 4 to 25 days, the spacecraft will head towards Sinus Viscositatis (Bay of Stickiness), located next to to the Gruitheisen Domes at the northeastern edge of Oceanus Procellarum (Ocean of Storms).
The lander is expected to operate for approximately 192 hours.
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