The sun: India’s new space target

Isbel Lázaro.
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el sol

Inspenet, September 1, 2023.

India does not settle! After conquering the south pole of the moon, the next mission includes the sun.

The Indian Space Research Agency announced today that it has completed test launch of the Aditya-L1 mission, which is intended to investigate the Sun.

“Launch preparations are progressing. Test launch and internal vehicle checks have been completed,” the space agency wrote on its X social network account.

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The launch of Aditya-L1 is scheduled for tomorrow , September 2 , and will take place from the Satish Dhawan Space Center, located on the southern island of Sriharikota.

India will study the Sun like no one has done

The mission aims to study the Sun from an orbit positioned at the first Lagrange point-L1, which is located at a distance of approximately 1.5 million kilometers from Earth. At this point, the gravitational forces of attraction of the Sun and the Earth balance.

This strategic location will allow Aditya-L1 to observe the Sun continuously, without interruptions due to eclipses, which will enable scientists to analyze solar activity and its influence on space weather in real time.

The spacecraft carries seven scientific instruments intended to study the photosphere, chromosphere, and solar corona using electromagnetic detectors, particle gauges, and magnetic fields.

The agency detailed that “the suits of the Aditya L1 payloads are expected to provide the most crucial information to understand the problem of coronal heating, coronal mass ejection, pre-flare and flare activities and their characteristics, the dynamics of space weather, the propagation of particles and fields, etc”.

Although NASA and the European Space Agency (ESA) have already sent spacecraft into space to study the Sun, this will be the first time India has done so.

The recent successful moon landing mission, Chandrayaan-3 , positions India as the fourth country to achieve a moon landing.

Likewise, India has implemented a low-cost space program compared to other powers, but its development has been significant since it launched its first spacecraft into lunar orbit in 2008. In 2014, the country became the first Asian nation to place a satellite in Mars orbit and is scheduled to launch a three-day manned Earth orbit mission next year.


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